Coat of Arms Signet Rings Friday, May 23 2014 

coat of arms rings

coat of arms rings in both sterling silver and gold

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Singleton Family Crest / Singleton Coat of Arms Thursday, Oct 9 2008 

Singleton Coat of Arms / Singleton Family Crest

Singleton Family Crest / Singleton Coat of Arms

Singleton Family Crest / Singleton Coat of Arms

 

Purchase Singleton Family Crest / Singleton Coat of Arms Gifts Here: http://www.4crests.com

Origin Displayed: English

Where did the English Singleton family come from? What is the English coat of arms/family crest? When did the Singleton family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the history of the family name?

The Anglo-Saxon name Singleton was established when the family resided in the village of Singleton found in the counties of Lancashire and Sussex. The surname Singleton is a habitation surname which was originally derived from pre-exiting names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. The literal meaning of the surname Singleton is farm in the burnt clearing, from the Old English word “sengel.”

The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries; therefore,spelling variations are common among early Anglo-Saxon names. As the form of the English language changed, even the spelling of literate people’s names evolved. Singleton has been recorded under many different variations, including Singleton, Singleturn, Shingleton and others.

First found in Lancashire where they held a family seat from very early times.

For many English families, the political and religious disarray that shrouded England made the far away New World an attractive prospect. On cramped disease-ridden ships, thousands migrated to those British colonies that would eventually become Canada and the United States. Those hardy settlers that survived the journey often went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Singleton or a variant listed above: Joe Singleton, who arrived in Virginia in 1635; John Singleton and Henry Singleton, who both came to Virginia in 1651; Grace Singleton, who settled in Virginia in 1653.

For more information on the last name Singleton, the PDF Surname History is available for purchase as well as other products.

Some noteworthy people of the name Singleton

    * Alvin Singleton (b. 1940), American composer
    * Henry Earl Singleton, American engineer who invented the gyroscope, Co-Founder of Teledyne, Vice-President at Litton Industries
    * George Michael Singleton (1913-2002), English cricketer
    * John Singleton, Australian entrepreneur
    * Penny Singleton (1908-2003), Hollywood actress
    * Sir Edward Singleton, Lawyer
    * Zutty Singleton (1898-1975), jazz musician

Wilkins Family Crest / Wilkins Coat of Arms Thursday, Oct 9 2008 

Wilkins Family Crest

Wilkins Family Crest

Wilkins Family Crest

 

Purchase Wilkins Family Crest Products Here: http://www.4crests.com

Origin Displayed: English

Spelling variations of this family name include: Wilkins, Wilkin, Wilkines, Wilkyn, Wilking and others.

First found in Glamorganshire where they were seated from early times.

Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were: Nicholas Wilking, a juror of St. John’s, Newfoundland in 1753; Maudlin Wilkin settled in the Barbados in 1654; Bridget and John Wilkines settled in Virginia in 1623.

(Above is a small excerpt from our 1800 word history)
Motto Translated: Be ye prudent.

Copyright © 2000 – 2008 Swyrich Corporation, all rights reserved

Suggested Readings for the name Wilkins
Pioneers and Patriots: A History of the John Wilkins and Some Related Families of Virginia by James Richard Wilkins.

Some noteworthy people of the name Wilkins

    * Professor Maurice Wilkins (b. 1916), New Zealand-born English biophysicist, won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1962)
    * John Wilkins (1614-1672), English churchman
    * Graham Wilkins, Chairman of Beechams Group
    * Charles Wilkins, Director, Hawker Siddeley
    * Sir George Hubert Wilkins (1888-1958), Australian polar explorer
    * Maurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins (b. 1916), British physicist
    * Major Raymond H Wilkins, who was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1943

Hogan Family Crest / Hogan Coat of Arms Thursday, Oct 9 2008 

Hogan Family Crest / Hogan Coat of Arms

Hogan Family Crest

Hogan Family Crest

 

Purchase Hogan Family Crest / Hogan Coat of Arms Products Here: http://www.4crests.com

Origin Displayed: Irish

Where did the Irish Hogan family come from? What is the Irish coat of arms/family crest? When did the Hogan family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the history of the family name?

There are a multitude of ancient meanings and variations associated with the Irish surnames that are now common throughout the modern world. The original Gaelic form of the name Hogan is Ó hÓgáin, meaning a descendant of Ógán’, a personal name derived from the Irish Gaelic word “og,” which means “young.”

The recording of names in Ireland in the Middle Ages was an inconsistent endeavor at best. The standardized literary languages of today were not yet reached and the general citizenry was illiterate. Research into the name Hogan revealed spelling variations, including Hogan, O’Hogan, Hogen, Hoggin and others.

First found in county Tipperary (Irish: Thiobraid Árann), established in the 13th century in South-central Ireland, in the province of Munster.

Irish families fled the English-colonized Ireland in record numbers during the 19th century for North America. Many of those destitute families died from disease during, and even shortly after, the long journey. Although those that immigrated before the Great Potato Famine of the 1840s often were granted a tract of land, those that arrived later were generally accommodated in urban centers or in work camps. Those in the urban centers would labor in the manufacturing sector, whereas those in work camps would to build critical infrastructures such as bridges, canals, roads, and railways. Regardless of when these Irish immigrants came to North America, they were critical for the rapid development of the young nations of the United States and Canada. Early immigration and passenger lists have recorded many early immigrants bearing the name of Hogan: Sebastian Hogan settled in New England in 1764; Daniel, David, Denis, Edward, James, John, Michael, Patrick, Robert, Thomas and William Hogan, all arrived in Pennsylvania between 1840 and 1870.

For more information on the last name Hogan, the PDF Surname History is available for purchase as well as other products.

Some noteworthy people of the name Hogan

    * Ben Hogan, legendary American professional golfer
    * Noel Hogan, Irish musician
    * Mike Hogan, Irish musician
    * Cher Hogan, award winning Canadian artist
    * Sir Michael Hogan, British Judge
    * David Hogan PhD, of the Institute for Public Economics at the University of Alberta
    * Paul Hogan (b. 1939), Australian actor

Collier Family Crest / Collier Coat of Arms Thursday, Oct 9 2008 

Collier Family Crest / Collier Coat of Arms

Collier Family Crest

Collier Family Crest

 

Purchase Collier Family Crest / Collier Coat of Arms Products Here: http://www.4crests.com

Origin Displayed: English

Where did the English Collier family come from? What is the English coat of arms/family crest? When did the Collier family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the history of the family name?

The ancestors of the Collier family name lived among the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. The surname Collier is derived from the Old English word “col,” which means “coal;” as such it is thought to have originally been an occupational name for a burner of charcoal or a gatherer or seller of coal.

The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries; therefore,spelling variations are common among early Anglo-Saxon names. As the form of the English language changed, even the spelling of literate people’s names evolved. Collier has been recorded under many different variations, including Collier, Collyer, Colier, Colyer, Colyar, Colyear and many more.

First found in Lancashire where they were seated from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.

For many English families, the political and religious disarray that shrouded England made the far away New World an attractive prospect. On cramped disease-ridden ships, thousands migrated to those British colonies that would eventually become Canada and the United States. Those hardy settlers that survived the journey often went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Collier or a variant listed above: William Collier who settled in Duxbury in 1633; Thomas Collier settled in Hingham Mass. in 1635; John Coller, who came to Maryland in 1653; Jeremiah Coller, who settled in Maryland in 1660.

Motto Translated: No one is happy but by the cross.

For more information on the last name Collier, the PDF Surname History is available for purchase as well as other products.

Some noteworthy people of the name Collier

    * Barron Gift Collier, American advertising entrepreneur
    * John Collier (1708-1786), English-born American short story writer and novelist
    * Lucille Ann Collier (b. 1919), original name of American Ann Miller
    * Robert Porrett Collier, 1st Baron Monkswell, English judge
    * John Collier (1850-1934), English painter
    * Arthur Collier (1680-1732), English philosopher
    * Jeremy Collier (1650-1726), English clergyman
    * Air Marshall Sir Conrad Collier,
    * Dr. William Collier, Physician
    * Sir Lawrence Collier, Diplomat

Luna Family Crest / Luna Coat of Arms Thursday, Oct 9 2008 

Luna Family Crest / Luna Coat of Arms

Luna Family Crest

Luna Family Crest

 

Purchase Luna Family Crest / Luna Coat of Arms Products here: http://www.4crests.com

Where did the Spanish Luna family come from? What is the Spanish coat of arms/family crest? When did the Luna family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the history of the family name?

Noble surnames, such as Luna, evoke images of the ancient homeland of the Spanish people. The original bearer of the name Luna, which is a local surname, once lived, held land, or was born in the beautiful region of Spain. In Spain, hereditary surnames were adopted according to fairly general rules and during the late Middle Ages, names that were derived from localities became increasingly widespread. Local names originally denoted the proprietorship of the village or estate.The Luna family originally lived in the town called Luna.

Spelling variations of this family name include: Luna, de Luna, de la Luna and others.

First found in Aragon, an important Christian kingdom of medieval Spain.

Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were: Among the earliest explorers of the New World was Luis de Luna, who voyaged to Río de la Plata in the mid 1500s. He was a member of the expedition that founded the city of Cordoba in Argentina. In the later years of his life he became a merchant and devoted himself to trade. Other early migrants to the New World include Alonso de Luna, who sailed to America in 1513.

For more information on the last name Luna, the PDF Surname History is available for purchase as well as other products.

Some noteworthy people of the name Luna

    * Manuel Luna, Spanish actor
    * Mario Roso de Luna, Spanish philosopher
    * Albert Luna, manufacturing executive
    * Dennis R Luna, attorney
    * Gregory Luna, state representative
    * Mickie S Luna, accountant
    * Nidia Casilda R Luna, social service counsellor
    * Rodrigo F Luna, physician and educator
    * Guillermo Luna, consultant
    * Juan Luna (1857-1899), Filipino painter and artist
    * Héctor Luna (b. 1980), Dominican baseball player

Phelps Family Crest / Phelps Coat of Arms Thursday, Oct 9 2008 

Phelps Family Crest

Phelps Family Crest

Phelps Family Crest / Phelps Coat of Arms

Purchase Phelps Family Crest / Phelps Coat of Arms Products here: http://www.4crests.com

Where did the Welsh Phelps family come from? What is the Welsh coat of arms/family crest? When did the Phelps family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the history of the family name?

The Phelps surname was derived from the personal names Phelp or Philp, which were pet-forms of the personal name Philip. This name, usually Latinized as Philippus, was originally derived from the Greek name Philippos. This Greek name was composed of the words “philein,” which means “to love,” and “hippos,” which means “horse.” The personal name Philip owed its popularity to the medieval romances about Alexander the Great, whose father was Philip of Macedon.

Although there are not an extremely large number Welsh surnames, there are an inordinately large number of spelling variations of those surnames. This variety of spellings began almost immediately after the acceptance of surnames within Welsh society. In the early Middle Ages, the great majority of Welsh people were illiterate, therefore it was up to priests and the very few other literate individuals that kept official records to determine how to spell the names that they heard. As time progressed, these old Brythonic names were eventually were recorded in English. This process was problematic in that many of the highly inflected sounds of the native language of Wales could not be properly captured in English. Some families, however, did decide to modify their own names to indicate a branch loyalty within the family, a religious adherence, or even a patriotic affiliation. The name Phelps has seen various spelling variations: Phelps, Phellps, Phelpe, Phelpes, Phelphes and others.

First found in Monmouthshire (Welsh: Sir Fynwy), anciently the Kingdom of Gwent, a much disputed border region of Southeast Wales, and English county from 1536-1974, where they were seated from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.

The Welsh migration to North America in the late 19th and early 20th centuries contributed greatly to its rapid development. These migrants were in search of land, work, and freedom. Those Welsh families that survived the long ocean journey were critical to the development of new industries and factories, and to the quick settlement of land. They also added to an ever-growing rich cultural heritage. A search of the immigration and passenger lists has shown a number of people bearing the name Phelps: Grace, John and Richard Phellps, who all settled in Barbados in 1663; George, Richard, Nathaniel, Sarah, Samuel and William Phelps, who all settled in Nantucket, Masachussetts in 1630.

Motto Translated: Always ready.

For more information on the last name Phelps, the PDF Surname History is available for purchase as well as other products.

Suggested Readings for the name Phelps

    * Phelps Family from Z to A by William Herald Swango.
    * Phelps-Marshall Kinship by Nancy G. McBride.
Some noteworthy people of the name Phelps

    * Edward John Phelps (1822-1900), American diplomat, and lawyer, who was the ambassador to Britain (1885-1889)
    * William Lyon Phelps (1865-1943), American, literary critic
    * Jaycie Phelps, American gymnast
    * Samuel Phelps (1804-1878), English stage actor and manager
    * Private Wesley Phelps, who was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1944

Bridges Coat of Arms / Bridges Family Crest Thursday, Oct 9 2008 

Bridges Family Crest / Bridges Coat of Arms

bridges coat of arms

bridges coat of arms

 

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Origin Displayed: English

Where did the English bridges family come from? What is the English coat of arms/family crest? When did the bridges family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the history of the family name?

The bridges surname is derived from the Old English word “brycg,” which means bridge. It may have been a topographic name for someone who lived near a bridge, an occupational name for a bridge keeper, or a habitational name from one of several places named Bridge throughout England.

Flemish surnames are characterized by a large number of spelling variations. One reason for this is that medieval English lacked definite spelling rules. The spellings of surnames were also influenced by the official court languages, which were French and Latin. Names were rarely spelled consistently in medieval times, when most people were illiterate. Scribes and church officals recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to specific spelling rules, and people often had their names registered in several different forms throughout their lives. One of the greatest reasons for change is the linguistic uniqueness of the Flemish settlers in England, who spoke a language closely related to Dutch. The pronounciation and spelling of Flemish names were often altered to suit the tastes of English-speaking people. In many cases, the first, final, or middle syllables of surnames were eliminated. The name has been spelled Bridge, Bridges, Briddge and others.

First found in Somerset where they held a family seat from early times.

Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name bridges were John Bridge who settled in Virginia in 1654; Ellery Bridge settled in Boston Mass. in 1763; followed by Elizabeth with a child, in Boston in 1766; Christopher Bridge settled in Philadelphia in 1840.

Motto Translated: I watch over.

For more information on the last name bridges, the PDF Surname History is available for purchase as well as other products.

Some noteworthy people of the name bridges

    * Jeff Bridges (b. 1949), American actor
    * Lloyd Bridges (1913-1998), American actor
    * Rocky Bridges (b. 1927), American baseball player
    * Edward Ettingdene Bridges (1892-1969), English civil servant, created 1st Baron Bridges Baron Bridges in 1957
    * Thomas Edward Bridges (b. 1927), English diplomat, 2nd Baron Bridges, British Ambassador to Italy (1983-1987)
    * Michael Bridges (b. 1978), English, footballer (soccer player)
    * Robert Seymour Bridges (1844-1930), English poet, Poet Laureate (1913-)

Summers Coat of Arms / Summers Family Crest Thursday, Oct 9 2008 

Summers Family Crest / Summers Coat of Arms

Summers Coat of Arms

Summers Coat of Arms

 

Purchase Summers Family Crest / Summers Coat of Arms Products Here:  http://www.4crests.com

 

Where did the English summers family come from? What is the English coat of arms/family crest? When did the summers family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the history of the family name?
summers is a name that dates far back into the mists of early British history to the days of the Anglo-Saxon tribes. It is derived from the baptismal name for the son of Summer, a personal name given to a child who was born in the summer. Baptismal names began to appear as surnames relatively late in the growth of the naming tradition. This is a little surprising, given the popularity of biblical figures in the Christian countries of Europe. Nevertheless, surnames derived from baptismal names grew in popularity during the Middle Ages, and have become one of the foremost sources for surnames.
Only recently has spelling become standardized in the English language. As the English language evolved in the Middle Ages, the spelling of names changed also. The name summers has undergone many spelling variations, including Somers, Sommers, Summers, Sommer, Summer, Somerton, Sommerton, Sumpton, Sumption and many more.
First found in Worcestershire where they were seated from very ancient times, as Lords of the manor of Whiteladies, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.
To escape the unstable social climate in England of this time, many families boarded ships for the New World with the hope of finding land, opportunity, and greater religious and political freedom. Although the voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, those families that arrived often found greater opportunities and freedoms than they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name summers were among those contributors: Sir George Somers who settled in the Somers Islands (Jamaica) in 1609; Sir George also helped colonize Maine in 1610. James Somers settled in Virginia in 1635.
For more information on the last name summers, the PDF Surname History is available for purchase as well as other products.
Suggested Readings for the name summers
    * Carolina Summers by Mildred J. Miller.
    * The Sommer, Sommers, Somers and Summers that Missed the Boat by William Clark Summers.
Some noteworthy people of the name summers
    * William Reed Summers (1895-1966), an American umpire in Major League Baseball player
    * Lawrence Henry “Larry” Summers (b. 1954), an American economist, former Secretary of the Treasury
    * Robert Summers, an U.S. economist and professor emeritus, University of Pennsylvania
    * Robert Summers, an American painter and sculptor
    * Andy Summers (b. 1942), an English guitarist and composer best known for his work with The Police
    * Augustus Montague Summers (1880-1948), an eccentric English author and clergyman
    * Henry Forbes Summers (1911-2005), a senior British civil servant

Family Crest Symbols Sunday, Oct 5 2008 

FAMILY CREST SYMBOLS


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Symbolisms of Heraldry

The following coat of arms symbols have been excerpted from W. Cecil Wade’s “The Symbolisms of Heraldry or A Treatise on the Meanings and Derivations of Armorial Bearings”. Published in London in 1898.

Colors and Metals
Or, yellow or gold – Generosity.

Argent, white or silver – Peace and sincerity.

Sable or black – Constancy, sometimes grief.

Azure or blue – Loyalty and truth.

Gules or red – Military fortitude and magnanimity.

Vert or green – Hope, joy and sometimes loyalty in love.

Purpure, purple – Royal majesty, sovereignty and justice.

Tenne or tawney – Worthy ambition.

Murray or sanguine – Not hasty in battle, and yet a victor.

Heraldic Lines
Nebulee or Nebuly – The sea or water.

Engrailed and Invected – Earth or land.

Indented – Fire.

Dancette – Water.

Ragulee or Raguly – Difficulties which have been encountered.

Embattled – Fire or the walls of a fortress or town.

Ordinaries
Chief – Dominion and authority.

Cross – Chevron – Protection.

Fess – Military belt or girdle of honor.

Bar – For “one who sets the bar of conscience, religion and honor against angry passions.

Pale – Military strength and fortitude.

Palet – Same as Pale.

Pile – Same as Pale.

Canton – Bearing of honor. When borne charged, it often contains some special symbols granted by the sovereign in reward for the performance of eminent service.

Quarter – Bearing of honor. Similar to the Canton.

Bend – Defense or protection.

Battune Sinister – Marks a royal descent that is barred by illegitimacy from succession to the throne.

Orle or Tressure – Preservation or protection.

Flasques – Given by a king for virtue and learning, and especially for service in embassage.

Voiders – Given to gentlewomen who have deserved highly.

Bordure or Border – Frequently adopted as a “difference” between relatives bearing the same arms.

Gyron – Unity.

Common Charges
Lion – Deathless courage.

Tiger – Great fierceness and valor when enraged to combat; one whose resentment will be dangerous if aroused.

Bear – Ferocity in the protection of kindred.

Wolf – Denotes valiant captains that do in the end gain their attempts after long sieges and hard enterprises. One whom it is dangerous to assail or thwart.

Rhinoceros – Great ferocity when aroused.

Elephant – Courage and strength.

Heraldic Tiger – Same as Tiger.

Leopard – Valiant and hardy warrior.

Panther – As a lion may be said to signify a brave man, so may a panther a beautiful woman, which, though fierce, is very tender and loving to her young, and will defend it with the hazard of her life.

Horse – Readiness for all employments for king and country.

Bull or Ox – Valor and magnanimity.

Boar – A fierce combatant when at bay, and ceases fighting only with its life, and therefore may be properly applied as the armorial bearing of a warrior.

Goat – Emblem of that martial man who wins a victory by the employment rather of policy than valor.

Lamb – Gentleness and patience under suffering.

Ram – Authority.

Hares and Rabbits – One who enjoys a peaceable and retired life.

Squirrel – Sylvan retirement being the delight of its bearer.

Hedgehog – Provident provider.

Beaver – Industry and perseverance.

Fox – One who will use all that he may posses of sagacity, wit or wisdom in his own defense.

Talbot, Mastiff and Greyhound – Courage, vigilancy and loyal fidelity.

Cat or Cat-A-Mountain – Liberty, vigilance, forecast and courage.

Camel – Docility, patience and indefatigable perseverance.

Bee – Well-governed industry.

Ant – Symbolizes a man of great labor, wisdom and providence.

Spider – Wisdom, labor and providence in all affairs.

Grasshopper – Wisdom and nobility.

House Snail – Deliberation and perseverance.

Double Eagle and Eagle – Signifies a man of action, ever more occupied in high and weighty affairs, and one of lofty spirit, ingenious, speedy in apprehension and judicious in matters of ambiguity.

Alerion – Signifies one who having been maimed and lamed in war, was thus prevented from fully asserting his power.

Wings – Celebrity, sometimes protection or coverture.

Feathers (usually ostrich) – Willing obedience and serenity.

Falcon or Hawk – One eager or hot in the pursuit of an object much desired.

Hawks or Falcons Bells – One who feared not to signal his approach in either peace or war.

Owl – One who is vigilant and of acute wit.

Peacock – Beauty and pride of carriage.

Pelican – Devoted and self-sacrificing charity.

Stork – Filial duty, emblem of a grateful man.

Swan – A lover of poetry and harmony.

Goose and Duck – A man of many resources.

Gannet – To subsist by the wings of his virtue and merit, having little land to rest upon.

Swallow – One who is prompt and ready in the dispatch of his business.

Cock – Courage, always ready for battle, ready to fight to the death.

Dove – Loving constancy and peace.

Raven – One who, having derived little from his ancestors, has through Providence become the architect of his own fortunes or one of an enduring constancy of nature.

Crow – Signifies a settled habitation and a quiet life.

Dolphin – Charity and a kind affection towards children.

Tortoise – Invulnerability to attack.

Unicorn – Extreme courage.

Griffin – Sets forth the property of a valorous soldier whose magnanimity is such that he will dare all dangers, and even death itself, rather than become captive.

Dragon – A most valiant defender of treasure.

Cockatrice – Terror to all beholders.

Sphinx – Omniscience and secrecy.

Pegasus – Exceeding activity and energy of mind whereby one may mount to honour.

Harpy – Ferocity under provocation.

Mermaid – Eloquence.

Centuar – For those who have been eminent in the field.

Hydra – The conquest of a very powerful enemy.

Phoenix – Resurrection.

Stag, Hart, Buck and Deer – Policy, Peace and Harmony.

Horns and Antlers – Strength and Fortitude.

Escallop Shell – One who has made long journeys or voyages to far countries, who had borne considerable naval command or who had gained great victories.

Other Shells – Protection of Providence.

Heart – Charity, sincerity.

Flaming Heart – Ardent affection.

Hand – Faith, sincerity and justice.

Red Hand – Usual mark for a baronet if borne on a small escutcheon.

Arm – A laborious and industrious person.

Gauntlet – Signify a man armed for the performance of martial enterprise.

Leg – Strength, stability and expedition.

Shoe – Same as Leg.

Foot – Same as leg.

Human Head – Honor.

Blackamoor Head – Deeds of prowess in the Crusades.

Skulls – Mortality.

Crossed Thigh-bones – Mortality.

Eye – Providence in Government.

Millstones – The mutual converse of human society.

Sceptre – Justice.

Trident – Maritime dominion.

Crown – Royal or seigniorial authority.

Celestial Crown – Heavenly reward.

Pastoral Crosier – The emblem of a shepherd’s watchfulness over his flock, and denotes episcopal jurisdiction and authority.

Annulet or Finger Ring – Fidelity.

Lozenge – Honesty and constancy, also held to be a token of noble birth.

Billets – Their first bearer was a man who obtained credence, knowledge and faith in his words and deeds, and who was secret in his affairs.

Pen – Emblematic of the liberal art of writing and of learned employments.

Inkhorn – Same as pen.

Harp – Contemplation.

Lyre – Same as harp.

Scythe – Hope of a fruitful harvest of things hoped for.

Sickle – Same as Scythe.

Anchor – Succor in extremity and the Christian symbol of hope.

Ship, Lumphiad or Galley – All such symbols would point to some notable expedition by sea, by which, perhaps, the first bearers had become famous.

Cubes, squares or dice – Constancy, wisdom, verity probity, and equity.

Lozenge – Same as Cubes.

Axe — Execution of military duty.

Purse – A frank and liberal steward of the blessings that God has bestowed .

Tower or Castle – Grandeur and solidity. Sometimes granted to one who has held one for his king, or who has captured one by force or stratagem.

Bridge – Signifies a governor or magistrate.

Pillar or Column – Fortitude and constancy.

Snake – Wisdom.

Scaling Ladder – One who was fearless in attacking.

Crosses – Symbolic of some Christian experience or sentiment.

Trestles and stools – Hospitality.

Cushions – Marks of authority.

Angels, Cherubs and Seraphs – Dignity, glory and honor.

Estoiles – Emblems of God’s goodness or of some eminence in the first bearer above the ruder sort of men.

Mullet – Denotes some Divine quality bestowed from above.

Gold Spur – Dignity of knighthood.

Silver Spur – An esquire.

Sun – Glory and splendor.

Crescent – Signifies one who has been enlightened and honored by the gracious aspect of his sovereign.

Moon – Serene power over mundane actions.

Fire – Zeal.

Lightning – The effecting of some weighty business with great clarity and force.

Rocks – Safety, refuge and protection.

Portcullis – Effectual protection in emergency.

Hunting Horn – One who is fond of high pursuits.

Trumpet – Ready for the fray.

Cannon, Mortars, Cannon Balls and Grenades – Well bestowed on those who have dared their terrors in sieges and battles.

Sword – Indicates the bearer to a just and generous pursuit of honor and virtue in warlike deeds.

Arrows and Arrowheads – Martial readiness.

Spear or Lance – Knightly service and devotion to honor.

Spear Heads or Pheons – Dexterity and nimbleness of wit to penetrate and understand matters of highest consequence.

Shield – A defender.

Saddles, Stirrups and Spurs – Preparedness for active service.

Horse Shoe – Good luck.

Trunk of a Tree – An object of veneration.

Fusil – Travel and labour.

Shacklebolt – Victory in war.

Water Bougets – Conferred on those who had brought water to an army or besieged place.

Catharine Wheel – Emblem of one who is prepared to undergo great trials for the Christian faith.

Escarbuncle – Supremacy.

Buckles – Victorious fidelity in authority.

Clarion or Rest – Same as Trumpet.

Beacons or Cressets – One who is watchful for the commonwealth or who gave the signal in time of danger.

Chains – A reward for acceptable or weighty service.

Fusil of Yarn – Negotiation.

Fret – Persuasion

Gold Roundles – One who has been found worthy of trust and treasure.

White Roundles – Generosity.

Wheel – Fortune.

Cornucopia – Bounty of Nature’s gifts.

Chaplets and Wreaths – Granted for special service

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